From Classicism to Art Nouveau - 18th and 19th century Antwerp

Refined bourgeois architecture

Grand city hotels and spacious bourgeois residences, churches that reinvent ancient architecture or exotic art nouveau façades that make you dream about bourgeois grandeur… 18th and 19th century Antwerp offers a mosaic of elegant architectural styles.

Classicism:grand class

Eighteenth century architecture moved away from lavish Baroque and reflected the language of classical antiquity and French elegance.Pure classicism was very popular in Antwerp.Those who could afford it, adapted their homes.With their strict symmetry and elegant lineation, the façades of De Groote Robijn, the Osterrieth House and the Hofkamer are sublime examples of classicism. Other examples are the Bishop’s Palace, the hotel Van Ertborn and the country cottages of Middelheim and Sorghvliet. The Bourla theatre is Late Classicistic.

Art-nouveau:the façades of the belle époque

In the 19th century, Antwerp’s residents dreamt of the heyday of yore.That inspired architects to neo-styles and eclectic styles.A neo-style is a total concept:it puts previous styles in a consequential 19th-century jacket. Examples include the neo-Baroque Hanzahuis located in the Suikerrui and the neo-Gothic St George’s church. The eclectic style draws from different movements and combines them into a new total concept.Examples include the hall of Antwerp’s Central Station, the façades in the Leysstraat, the old court of justice and the Museum of Fine Arts. During new city developments at the end of the 19th century, Antwerp’s architects drew from both styles freely. On the Vlaamse Kaai you find neo façades next to an eclectic Zuiderpershuis. On the Cogels-Osylei an eclectic style runs rampant - next to the art nouveau buildings that put the Zurenborg district on the map.

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Central Station

Central Station

The Antwerp Central Station, also known as Middenstatie (Middle station) or Spoorwegkathedraal (Railroad Cathedral), was first used in 1905. The structure is made up from a steel platform covering and a stone station building in an eclectic style. Recently, the station was completely renovated and in 2007 a tunnel underneath the station and a part of Antwerp was opened, reverting the station’s status as a terminus where are all trains have to turn back. In 2009, the American magazine Newsweek chose the Antwerp Central Station as the fourth most beautiful train station in the world.

Vlaeykensgang

Vlaeykensgang

The secret Vlaeykensgang alley dates from 1591 and connects Hoogstraat, Oude Koornmarkt Pelgrimstraat with one another. Walk through the gate at Oude Koornmarkt 16 and you feel as if you have journeyed back in time. In the past this alley was where the shoemakers and the poorest people in the city lived. The shoemakers were also in charge of sounding the alarm bell of the cathedral. These days you can find antiques stores and art galleries here as well as the exclusive restaurant Sir Anthony Van Dyck. The atmosphere is very intimate which is why many people also like to come here to listen to the carillon concerts during the summertime.

The Underpass

The Underpass

St Anna’s Tunnel – or Underpass, as the locals like to refer to it – was opened in 1933. Both on the left and on the right bank, you can still access the tunnel using the authentic wooden escalators which were unique at the opening.

Medieval Antwerp

Medieval Antwerp

Those who want to discover medieval Antwerp must dare to look beyond façades and buildings.Traces of the earliest city by the river mainly reveal themselves to alert detectives – look at street names and city maps.

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Steen Castle

Steen Castle

Het Steen was home to the Maritime Museum for many years. Now that its collection has been moved to the Museum aan de Stroom (MAS), HETPALEIS and the city of Antwerp have reopened this legendary building as a ‘question centre’ for visitors (and anyone looking for answers), young or old, aged six years or over.

The Port House

The Port House

Antwerp’s latest architectural jewel is the Port House. This funky and innovative building, with roots in the past, is the new headquarters of the Antwerp Port Authority that accommodates over 500 employees. You can also plan a guided tour of the building and enjoy the panoramic view over the port and the city.

Antwerp City Card

Antwerp City Card

Get all you can out of Antwerp! Are you interested in exploring all of Antwerp? Then use the Antwerp City Card as your guide. The card will open the nicest, tastiest and most surprising doors of the city for you, for free or at a discount. What’s more, you can choose how long you want to use it. 

Parking in Antwerp

Parking in Antwerp

Antwerp is a vibrant city. And all those residents and visitors who bring so much life to the city also require a lot of parking for their cars. In order to give everyone an equal chance at a parking spot, there is paid parking in many places throughout Antwerp.

MAS | Museum aan de Stroom

MAS | Museum aan de Stroom

Visitors to Antwerp have been flocking to the hip Eilandje district, an old dockside neighbourhood, to visit the MAS, which opened in 2011. 

The Rubens House

The Rubens House

Step into the shoes of the leading Baroque artist of his era. Rubens and his family lived in this palatial setting for well over 25 years and it is here that the artist created the lion’s share of his work. Here he entertained Europe’s nobility and Royalty and stored his impressive art collection in a beautiful art room. The garden, the creators’ workshop and the fabulous collection draws 150 000 visitors from all over the world, year after year.

Markets

Markets

Nothing is more fun than a market.You get a taste of the city and its local offerings.Antwerp has several weekly and monthly markets spread all over the city.They’re highly recommended for those who want to experience the real Antwerp.

Public transport

Public transport

Antwerp is a pocket-sized city. Many of the attractions are within walking or biking distance of each other. Another way of getting around the city is on the trams and buses of De Lijn. Tip: buy your tram or bus ticket in a point of pre-sale (newsagent’s, supermarket, the vending machines at the various stops or in the visitor centres of Visit Antwerp), where tickets are cheaper.

Sunday Shopping

Sunday Shopping

Many of the shops in the historical city centre are open every first Sunday of the month. Performances and small mobile events like the Antwerp Fashion Festival and Models on Wheels make Sunday shopping an even more memorable experience.